The Russell School

Aim High, Have Courage, Be Kind

Philosophy for Children (P4C)

Philosophy for children (P4C) is taught throughout the school and encourages children to think differently and consider topics that they might not have contemplated. Open ended questions, often with a moral message are given to children as well as a stimulus such as a story or picture book.  Children create their own questions in response to this, draw out philosophical questions, and engage with important ideas which people can have different views on. The questions stimulate discussion where the children have the opportunity to speak among themselves. 

Children develop their reasoning skills, agreeing and disagreeing with each other with respect for each other's views. The teacher acts as facilitator, keeping discussion focused and pushing for greater depth of thinking. 

Each week a ‘Thinking Friday’ question is posed to the school, which is linked to P4C. Every child has the chance to write their own ideas and suggestions to answer the question and these responses are stuck on the board outside the hall. Throughout the following week, the children are encouraged to reflect upon their peers’ answers and responses to the question, giving them the chance to discuss differences and similarities in their opinions.