Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) Education
We follow the 'Jigsaw' scheme of work across the whole school.
We allocate 1 hour to PSHE each week in order to teach the PSHE knowledge and skills in a developmental and age-appropriate way. These explicit lessons are reinforced and enhanced in many ways: Assemblies and collective worship, praise and reward system, Behaviour Code, through relationships child to child, adult to child and adult to adult across the school. We aim to ‘live’ what is learnt and apply it to everyday situations in the school community.
This also supports the “Personal Development” and “Behaviour and Attitudes” aspects required under the Ofsted Inspection Framework, as well as significantly contributing to the school’s Safeguarding and Equality Duties, the Government’s British Values agenda and the SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social, Cultural) development opportunities provided for our children.
From September 2020, schools have a statutory duty to deliver a Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) to pupils. We use the Jigsaw Programme to support our teaching of this, with explicit teaching units on relationships and sex education. These are delivered in an age appropriate way and after consultation with our stakeholders. The elements of the RSE curriculum are also embedded in the other units of work.
We recognise that Pupil Voice (pupils being engaged as active participants in their education) is vitally important for ensuring that children feel valued, safe and supported in their environment. Our School Council plays a key role in encouraging Pupil Voice. A child from each class makes up the Council and they attend regular meetings with Mrs Sandoe. Children are given the opportunity to make decisions and vote, as well being introduced to the democratic system. Year 6 House Captains are supported by Vice House Captains.
PSHE, amongst other aspects of school life, also actively promotes fundamental British values. Children study topics related to British values of distinguishing right from wrong and respect for democracy and equality, including an appreciation for other cultural traditions, as well as a broad general knowledge of public institutions in England.
Protected Characteristics and the Equalities Act 2010
Children in today’s world are expected to grow up understanding and being sensitive to the fact that there is a variety of family structures. These include families with a mother and father, two fathers, two mothers, single parent dads and single parent mums.
At The Russell School, we discuss this reality with the children. We explain to our pupils that there are different kinds of families. They may be used to their own family set-up, while other children may live within a different structure.
We emphasise the importance of respecting other people, just as we would wish to be respected. We are all different from each other, and we need to respect others in order for the world to be a place where people can expect to go about their lives happily.
Our Curriculum - Intent
We believe that PSHE education is an important and necessary part of all pupils’ education and an integral part of our school life. It is part of our school vision that our pupils deserve to thrive and achieve their full academic potential through an education that:
- is distinctive and demanding
- helps them enjoy life and participate in what the world has to offer them
- nurtures curiosity and creativity and opens up opportunities for further learning and personal growth.
Our school values: Aim High, Have Courage and Be Kind underpin our PSHE education curriculum. It is particularly through our value of Be Kind, that we share our vision for our children to be responsible and compassionate citizens of the world who have relationships that our built upon an ethos of respect, honesty and trust. It is upon this belief that we have developed a PSHE education curriculum to equip pupils with a strong understanding of risk and with the knowledge and skills necessary to make safe and informed decisions. Our children will then be best placed to achieve across all areas of school life and in their life beyond.
Through our PSHE education curriculum we aim to enable all pupils to:
- develop self-esteem, confidence, independence and responsibility to make the most of their abilities
- play an active role as future citizens and members of society
- develop a healthy lifestyle and keep themselves and others safe
- develop effective relationships and learn to respect and understand the differences between people
Through our teaching of PSHE education, we will support the development of the skills, attitudes, values and behaviour which enable pupils to:
- have a sense of purpose
- value self and others
- form positive relationships
- make and act on informed decisions
- communicate effectively
- work with others
- respond to challenge
- be an active partner in their own learning
- be active citizens within the local community
- explore issues related to living in a democratic society
- become healthy and fulfilled individuals
Our PSHE education curriculum also reflects our wider school community and takes into account the cultural capital of our children, adding to their life experiences and developing their understanding of the world around them. By linking our PSHE education curriculum to British values, we promote the diversity of life, celebrate difference and provide an environment in which prejudice and discrimination are not tolerated. This is further supported by our focus on preventing bullying through our annual anti-bullying week.
Our Curriculum - Implementation
At The Russell School, we adopt a whole school, fully inclusive approach to PSHE education, delivering the curriculum in each class (year group). We implement a mindful and progressive approach to our teaching. To ensure high standards of teaching and learning in PSHE education, we use the Jigsaw scheme to support us and provide structure but have personalised the content to suit our school and our children. We have thus created a PSHE education curriculum that is relevant, by considering the cultural capital of our school and community and the experiences and knowledge our children bring to the learning environment. This is most evident in the area of Relationship and Sex Education (RSE).
Our curriculum is taught through six half-termly topics which all year groups work on at the same time. At the beginning of each half term, the topic is introduced to the children in a whole school assembly, which provides opportunities to ‘launch’ the focus, re-establish connections with their previous learning and stimulate further learning. Each year the topics are revisited and the content built upon and developed, resulting in a spiral curriculum that is comprehensive and structured.
The spiral nature of our curriculum allows all children to make progress, by providing opportunities to revisit skills and knowledge. Each lesson includes an opportunity to embed understanding through reflection and includes activities that require the children to work in many different ways, including collaboratively. This provides an opportunity to provide differentiation for our children.
Medium term plans have been devised which introduce topics through key questions and learning objectives for each lesson. Skills and knowledge are included in the plans and prior learning is signposted for teachers, to enable them to meet the needs of the SEND children within their class. Alongside this, the medium term plans highlight where the learning is to be taken next, enabling the more able to be challenged.
Links are made to other areas of the curriculum, including Science, Computing, RE and PE. Connections to the SMSC curriculum are highlighted and opportunities to promote British values are made evident. Opportunities for extending writing and outdoor learning are also planned. Our PSHE education lessons provide opportunities for our children to develop their ability to be mindful. Opportunities to make use of our local community to provide first-hand experiences for our children are encouraged, through inviting visitors to school or external trips for the children.
Our Curriculum - Impact
The impact of our PSHE education curriculum is measured through both quantitative and qualitative data. Through a half-termly assessment we make accurate judgements about children’s attainment of skills and knowledge and track their progress. This information informs our teaching and highlights the next steps for the children and areas that require consolidation. Planning is then updated and modified for each class.
Alongside this assessment we carry out work scrutinies, lesson observations and learning walks, which provide the co-ordinator with valuable insight and information regarding curriculum and staff development. This is complemented by the children’s own views of our PSHE education curriculum through the regular collection and analysis of Pupil Voice feedback. It is through this assessment that we can judge the quality of our PSHE education curriculum and continue to evolve its content and delivery, which ensures that our children are fully equipped to rise to the challenges they face in their years in primary school and beyond.
PSHE long term plan
|Autumn 1||Being Me in My World||Includes understanding my own identity and how I fit well in the class, school and global community. Jigsaw Charter established.|
|Autumn 2||Celebrating Difference||Includes anti-bullying (cyber and homophobic bullying included) and understanding.|
|Spring 1||Dreams and Goals||Includes goal-setting, aspirations, who do I want to become and what would I like to do for work and to contribute to society.|
|Spring 2||Healthy Me||Includes drugs and alcohol education, self-esteem and confidence as well as healthy lifestyle choices, sleep, nutrition, rest and exercise.|
|Summer 1||Relationships||Includes understanding friendship, family and other relationships, conflict resolution and communication skills, bereavement and loss.|
|Summer 2||Changing Me||
Includes Relationships and Sex Education in the context of coping positively with change.